In 1871, the Iwakura Mission, which dispatched by Meiji government, visited for the purpose of conducting diplomacy and observing Western culture. Participants included government officials as well as students who wanted to study abroad. Among them were five young girls, ages of 6 to 16, the first Japanese females to study outside of the country. In the photo, from left to right, are Shigeko Nagai, Teiko Ueda, Ryoko Yoshimasu, Umeko Tsuda, and Sutematsu Yamakawa. The five departed Yokohama, Japan in December of 1871 and set sail to the United States, where they planned to stay for 10 years. Although Teiko and Ryoko returned to Japan due to homesickness (another theory says from illness) the other three stayed, successfully adapting to the foreign culture. Umeko Tsuda was especially taken back by the inferior position of women in society. Seeing this, she decided to devote herself to women’s schooling in Japan. With the help of Sutematsu, her friend who travelled together to the U.S., and a few others, Umeko established Tsuda University. Umeko and Sutematsu are still known today as prominent figures in women’s education in Japan.
Source: Courtesy Wikimedia Commons
Added Date 03/15/2021
The Japan History Council and the Japanese American Association of New York, Inc. ("we" or "us" or "our"), are committed to protecting the privacy of our website user's personal information. This statement applies with respect to the information that we collect from our website, located at www.historyofJapaneseinny.org (the “Web Site”).Consent
We neither direct nor target the Web Site to children under the age of 18. If we learn that a registered user of the Web Site is under the age of 18, we reserve the right to delete the information in that person's account and immediately terminate the account. In such instances, we may also destroy any of the personal information provided by that person within our possession or control.Information Collected
We collect and store information that you voluntarily provide to us as well as data related to your Web Site visit and usage.
We collect personally identifiable information (including, but not limited to, name, address and phone number) that is voluntarily provided to us by you. For example, you voluntarily provide personally identifiable information when you send us an email, use certain features of the Web Site such as inquiring through our Web Site or participate in a survey.
In addition, during your visit we automatically collect certain aggregate information related to your Web Site visit. Aggregate information is non-personally identifiable or anonymous information about you, including the date and time of your visit, your IP address, your computer browser information, the Internet address that you visited prior to and after reaching the Web Site, the name of the domain and host you used to access the Internet, and the features of our Web Site which you accessed.
Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of other sites to which you may have linked to through the Web Site.
We use collected information to: respond to inquiries or service requests and monitor such responses; provide information about services; resolve problems; and manage the Web Site and assess its usage.Use of IP Addresses
When you view our Web Site we might store some information on your computer. This information will be in the form of a "cookie" or similar file. Cookies are small pieces of information stored on your hard drive, not on our site. Cookies do not spy on you or otherwise invade your privacy, and they cannot invade your hard drive and steal information. Rather, they help you navigate a Web Site more easily.Security
Our site has industry standard security measures in place to protect the loss, misuse and alteration of the information under our control. While there is no such thing as "perfect security" on the Internet, we will take all reasonable steps to insure the safety of your personal information.
Unfortunately, no data transmission over the Internet or any wireless network can be guaranteed to be 100% secure. As a result, while we strive to protect your personal information, we cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information you transmit to us or from our online products or services, and you do so at your own risk.
If you have any questions about this privacy statement, the practices of this site, or your dealings with this website, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
The content on the Site, including without limitation, the text, software, scripts, graphics, photos, sounds, music, videos, interactive features and the like (“Content”) and the trademarks, service marks, and logos contained therein (“Marks”) are owned by JHC/JAANY or licensed by third parties (“Licensors”) to JHC/JAANY, subject to copyright and other intellectual property rights under the law. JHC/JAANY and the Licensors retain all rights, including copyright, in the Content on the Site and the files related thereto.2.2 Approved Use
Content on the Site is provided to you “as is” for your information and personal use only. Unauthorized commercial use or publication of Content contained in the Site is specifically prohibited. Content may not be downloaded, copied, reproduced, distributed, transmitted, broadcast, displayed, sold, licensed, or otherwise exploited for commercial use, publication or any other purposes whatsoever without the prior written consent of JHC/JAANY. Written consent by JHC/JAANY for such use is granted on a case by case basis at the sole discretion of JHC, JAANY and Licensors. JHC/JAANY reserve all rights not expressly granted in and to the Content.2.3 Security Features
You agree not to circumvent, disable, or otherwise interfere with security-related features of the Site or features that prevent or restrict use or copying of any Content or enforce limitations on use of the Site or the Content therein.2.4 Permission for Reproduction
To request permission and written consent from JHC/JAANY for reproduction of materials contained on the Site please write to:
Japan History Council
49 west 45th Street, 11th Floor
New York, NY 10036
Alternatively, requests may be sent via e-mail to: email@example.com
JHC/JAANY reserves the right at any time and from time to time to modify or discontinue, temporarily or permanently, any aspect or feature of the Site and its Contents with or without notice. Through your use of the Site, you agree that JHC/JAANY shall not be liable to you or to any third party for any modification, suspension or discontinuance of the Site or its Content.
The Site includes links to other online sites which are operated by third parties with no affiliation with JHC/JAANY. These links are provided as a convenience to you and as an additional avenue of access to the information contained therein. JHC/JAANY is not responsible for the content of any other sites or any products or services that may be offered through other sites. Inclusion of links to other sites should not be viewed as an endorsement of the content of linked sites. Different terms and conditions may apply to your use of any linked sites and it is your responsibility to comply with such other terms and conditions. By clicking on any such link, you acknowledge that JHC/JAANY has no control over, and makes no representation of any kind with respect to, such other sites or any content contained within such other sites, and you hereby revoke any claim against JHC/JAANY with respect to such other sites. Any concerns regarding any external link should be directed to that site’s site administrator or Webmaster. You may also advise JHC/JAANY of any non- or malfunctioning site.
You may submit, post, display, e-mail or transmit to the Site photos and textual content (“User Content”). Any User Content submitted, posted, displayed, e-mailed or transmitted to the site is collectively referred to as “User Submissions.” You understand that whether or not such User Submissions are published by JHC/JAANY, JHC/JAANY does not guarantee any confidentiality with respect to any User Submissions.6.2 License Grant
Unless otherwise stated in a written agreement between you and JHC/JAANY, with respect to all such User Submissions you elect to submit, post, display, e-mail, or transmit to the Site, you hereby grant JHC/JAANY, its affiliates, and licensees a worldwide, royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable, non- exclusive and fully sub-licensable right and license to use, reproduce, adapt, reformat, perform, display, transmit, publish, translate, prepare derivative works of, distribute and take any other action (including destroying User Content) with respect to any and all User Content (in whole or part) and/or to incorporate it in other works in any form, media, or technology now known or hereafter developed.6.3 Representations And Warranties With Respect to Content Submitted.
You shall be solely responsible for your own User Submissions and the consequences of posting or publishing them. In connection with User Submissions, you affirm, represent and warrant that: (a) you own or have the full right, power and authority to grant to JHC/JAANY the use of and rights, including all patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright or other proprietary rights, in and to any and all User Content, whether owned by or licensed to you by a third party; (b) your license of User Content to JHC/JAANY hereunder does not, and the license of User Content by JHC/JAANY to third parties will not, infringe any right or interest owned or possessed by any third party; and (c) there are no claims, judgments or settlements to be paid by you, or pending claims or litigation, relating to any and all User Content contained in any and all User Submissions.6.4 Rights in User Content Submitted
You understand that when using the Site, you will be exposed to submissions from a variety of sources (“Other Users’ Submissions”), and that JHC/JAANY is not responsible for the accuracy, usefulness, safety or intellectual property rights of or relating to such Other Users’ Submissions. You further understand and acknowledge that you may be exposed to Other Users’ Submissions that are inaccurate, offensive, indecent, or objectionable, and you agree to waive, and hereby do waive, any legal or equitable rights or remedies that you have or may have against JHC/JAANY with respect thereto.
To the fullest extent permitted under applicable law, you understand and agree that: (a) JHC/JAANY and its respective members, agents, officers, directors, partners, employees, shareholders, affiliates, and successors; and (b) any third party involved in creating, producing or delivering the Site or Content shall not be liable for any indirect, incidental, special, consequential, punitive or any other damages relating to or resulting from your use or inability to use the Site or Content, or any other site, content or services you access through a link from the Site, or from any actions we take or fail to take as a result of electronic or other messages you send us. These include, but are not limited to, damages for errors, omissions, interruptions, defects, delays, computer viruses, your loss of profits, loss of data, unauthorized access to and alteration of your transmissions and data, and other tangible and intangible losses.
You agree not to do any of the following: Post, upload, publish, submit or transmit any User Content that
If you breach any of the above or cause a technical disruption of the Site or Content or the systems transmitting them to you or others, you agree to be responsible for any and all liabilities, costs and expenses (including attorneys’ fees) arising from said breach or disruption. We further reserve the right to investigate all violations of these terms including consulting and/or cooperating with law enforcement authorities to prosecute users who violate the law.